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Full text of "Superintendents of the Yellowstone National Parks Monthly Report, September 1920"

10-23 



DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 

NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 
Yellowstone .. national park 






Copy fronFlLE NO. 143 



MONTHLY REPORT 
for 

SEPTEMBER, 

19 2 0. 



Sm 



LSOIilHIiY HEFOET 
1920. 

September. 
TABLE OF C0H5EHT8. 

X. General ;'«nditioi»- — 1 

XI* Pweouaal ■ 6 5 

III. Work Completed 2 10 

IT. Work in Progress 15 

T. Tfork Began 

TI. Plans or I'roposwd ~ork 17 

711. Policies 18 

Till. Coat of Operation 18 

IX. Othor Hatter* of Intoreat 18 

TTild Aninals 18 

Birds 21 

FlBhoo 19 

Seasonal Changes 21 

Arrest* * Violations of law— 22 

forest Fires 22 

Accidents and Casualties 23 

Medical "erriceo — PiTLlm.V.'uil^ . 24 Contagious diseases. 

3ataral *enosiem 24 

Special Visitors 25 

Motion Pictures 26 

Uisoellaneous 27 

Z. Receipts and -emittanceo 27 

.lotes mgr., painter, bulletins for "ept.by - J ark . aturalist,and 
o. report of Chief Kanger Uffice, attached. 
-CA1 



DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 
NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK 
YELLOWSTONE PARK. WYO. 

IE SUPERINTENDENT 

October 9, 19?.0. 



The Soil/mine ia » report on conditions in the 
Yellowstone ktional Pftrk, and on tl» operation of the 
park, for the nonth of Coptecber, 1920i 

OSBRAL COHPITXOjrs i 

The monthly nean ter.por&ture wafl SO.S, which v*s 3.1 
decree* colder than the nomal for the nonth of :*ptenber. 
The nintaua temperature wafl 25 deg., on the r.Cth. omally 
leptenber is the dryort sonth flf tta yar.r, tat Udfl r-eptenber 
them wan a total a- 1.44 inches vUch if. 0.-15 inoI*» nor© 
than nomal, and isade the nonth setter than any of the 
previous nine, oxcept Tiaroh and May* Of thlfl, there was 
2.0 of enow widoh haa been exceeded but twice in r,epta»b*r 
during U* paet Vi years. S ■ .ea-rieat "eptanber snowfall 
of record wa» T.8 in 1919. T-io rind blew a total of 5T76 
miles during the nonth. which cakes an average Telocity of 
8 Biles per hour for the entire month, representing the 
greatest wind velocity for -eptember since the records began 
In 1904, with o-'ie exception. The percentage of sunshine 
possible was 6S, which is also above nomal and tl» highest 
for the nonth fer IS years. 

Pwn the "bove "gures, it is apparent that the nonth 
was quite unusual frou the staidpoint of weather, "be heavy 
rains beginning on the 6th, which turned to snow in t3» park 
at the higher levele, aade rather unpleasant traveling for 
tourists up to about the Kiddle of the nonth, but fron then 
on to the 21st the conditions for travel were again excellent. 
On tl» 6th and 7th the regular traffic wan stopped through 
iunraven Pass, on account of the slippery condition of the 
road, and routed fron Canyon to 'iartioth try way of iorris. 
As soon as all of the regular rail tourists were out of the 
park, beginning "optenber 21st, rtmraven nse was closed 
entirely^to traffic, so ao to penait better progress in the 
pass on the work of widening road. 

Csnp Roosevelt near ^owor l-alls was olosed for accommo- 
dation of tourists on P-eptember 7th. "he hotels and the nain 
canps closed ' optnriljor 18th to 20th • 



ttvo atom which occurred eptenbw 2Z to I , 
14 indies of enow fell at Lake.ThUHb, and tho eastorn aid© 
of tho part, and «topped all notor traf "io for several days. 
In :.ylvan "ass It drifted to a depth of six foe* for a dis- 
tance of about 60 foet. : everel cam boutv*. for the park via 
the eastern entrance, turned back, and either abandoned the 
trip entirely, or cane around via 3ar<liiKr. traffic Tia the 
eastern entrvHxi was resuaod on : optenber 50th, when the drift 
in the J*** *a« sliovwled o\i lvate motorist*. :-everal 

cara a>l trucks in the perk wero delayed o i acoount of tho atom, 
and war*, obliged to wai the road* were cleared out . The 

snow wee not doep enough to Interrupt travel on the west aide. 
: ince the 25th, the roads >»ve again cleared up, and cruito a 
nunbor of oars have ontored the park.and part or all of tho trip 
to 1MB muM to **•■• 



There have been no acconrcodatlons for touriots lnalde the 
park since r 20th, but tl»3> traveling have either had 

<xiuipaont with thsa, or stayed at hotela outside and aa 
one-l-c trlff* into tho part, -■ oaa» day. In a few 

„ ftM any hav* taken .» few tourists, per- 

mitting then to atop with the construction orewo which they are 
working In the pork. 



at the - 5 reason. 'V 

hotel crow had left, ami the genetnl o tho lotel and 

^anaport^'or. ^Bjpaaioa VwTO rove*! to Helena, ortvna, about 
, or >.t, or.pany ) '® d itM oftic« 

to winter .uRrtere in ' ivi ontana. J.~.Haynes left 

for his St." ruI oTioe on optenbor 28th, arrf i .A.IlsBiilta. 
closed u«) hi a buoineso and loft for the winter at about the 
sane time, rerrry ^ isnsedi- 

ately ft' laason. . , tted to 

■ 
The train sewl oe to the three entrance* apprtaohed by 
rail waa nut on a winter baeis inmedlaieSy following the oloao 
of the park tourist season. I ally trains ^i^J« ^nr*'^!"* 
awl rody, and weekly train servioo to ort To.^owatone, cnt., 1 
still furnished by the . . . *it will doubtless be disoontinuod 
entirely, as ueual, >>efore winV»r seta in. 

iiauni oteorololosical 'tewary. furnished by 

the United :tatee either Iktreau. is onoloaed herwith. 



- 



SSM&s 



7)m sncloaed copy gf the •' l.tof 'Hngor'a TJNW#1 Reports 
for :;ept«sbor includes figures on part: travel for neptwaber,.' 
1920* and for September, 1919 for corip&rlson. Also season*! 
travel for 1919, and for 1920, fog eoapariuon, 

Other very interesting figures on park travel, compiled 
In the chief Ranger's Office, are &n followet 



Lot? ft ->av(B of ?ravel for nrober sfrgiwrawrt, 

1920 !§££ 

Cept.l, Transportation Co. ..256 t.2, 'Transportation Co. 169 

Sept.1, Private oar* ,.636 Cept.l, Yivate cars,....,.. 421 



Bv entr ances, with Transportat ion To . 

Sept. 3, "orth entrance.. -...76 ->pt.7, iWtt entrance, .. , 78 

i'.apt.l, West entrance...... 179 -ept.2, vast entrance.... 94 

Kept .5, J'ABt entrance 42 -opt..?, "aot entrance.,.. 31 

fl y snrtjaBcaB.wttB. yea^sAe; tajsaafyrtaflABB, 

Kept.5, florth entrance...... 153 r:«pt.l, !orth or.tranco 161 

rept.l, Vest entrance.. .... 96 f!ept.3, eat entranoe. 94 

r.ept.l, "ant entrance 142 -opt .8, Pfeot entrance...... 76 

Se'pt.4, outh entrance 35 :iept.ll,">outh entrance..... 28 

A" 7. entrances. 

Sept.l.o 101 -ftpt.S. .,,..,.-,., S3 

!3y orit ranees ., 

;>ept.5, ;>rth entrance..... SB ''epi.l, »rth entrance... 26 

r.ept.l, ' est entrance 26 Sept.3, '.-eat entrance... 

r.ept.l, **t entrance 40 "ept.4, Vast entrance... 

r.ept.8, outh entrance..... 7 Sept. 11, "cuth entrance... 6 



-3- 



jars**. <frr» *■>*• y>^g nwV«r of mm«Mri trrtcrtnr. 

1920 X31S 
-.eptttsbor 1 ...63« B.pt«Hb*ir 1 421 



'Xirinr; the rontVi of I'.artember, 1020, 7,;'6C p*op1« 
ontered tho park, *» ooriptvrod with 4, -IOC ontaring during 
Copt^iber, 191*, ffhleh Is u increase ■ , ., or About 
37 per oent. 

. -inr the month of r,optsnber, 1920, 1,024 paid 
iblles sntered tic .ark, as compared with 776 paid 
autor.obiles entering during 'sptsnber, 1919, which la 
en lnorease of 248, or about 29 per cent. 

"urlr the aonth of oeptaeiber, V320, ".,254 people 
enteree the perk with the Yellowstone J*xk Transportation 
Conpany, ae c«*par«' ^lth 1,641 people entorlat *lth ti»* 
corpany during ::*pt«mber, 1919, which Is an lnoree.ee of 1,586 
people, or shout 47 per t*it. 

T'.e total trav^ |kt season to include -eptesiber 

•0, was 79,777 peoplo for 1920, as compared with 62,261 fear 

1819. ' Lea !• mii increase of 17,S16 people, or about 27 
per cent* 



Later and supply ne/fert. 

although, may n»n were laid off by park oonooiisio?»rs 
at the closo of tlw ueason, and our crews wore reduced daily 
during September ae t!ie work was discontinues, ia the field, 
yet the iMMad for sklllod labor fioea not even yet appear to 
be fillod. "oat of those who work in the park during the 
aonae? plan to leave with tho olesi | V;'ic and canps, 

and f«! care to wtaaln for further work after that tine. 
?he concessioners who are taking up thoir conatruetion ami 
tralntenance yrogreia where they left it off last spring at 
the opening of the season, are still having some difficulty 
In securing as mny mechanics M they want. 

upplie* of all kind* are core reasonable la price 
fron month to month, though •'.till hit;k. 

aBfl,oyoos f 

On n»ytenber 1st there w*roJ5©8 onployoes on duty under 
thin wffiee, :oth t'r ■.'. Ixten reduced 

to 1£8. 

A lint of enploynoe wry^y; vivlor appointment, with a 
jeneral rt» t — m& moA by each claea, 

ifl giwon h-\nm. 

Mm. r 3*«a SiP* of worft l*t*?9fm$t 

1 Acj«+..^"T,r«r<»er Tn charge of road repair crews at headquarters. 

and on weat a**5 south roads. 

• 'lerks 1 disbursing agt.and purchasing clerki 1 on 

orders, proposals and vouchers (resgd.clooe 
- eptenbor)j 1 on tiae keeping and cost ac- 
countings 1 stenogjppfcy ot! typewriting! 
1 stenographer-typist since "ept.4,on files 
and et- : .e work; 1 at^nographer-typist 

since -op' .9, on order a, proposals and vouchers 

8 risetriolans 1 in chargo power plant, read meters and did 

necessary lino work} 2 assistants wlio operated 
plant regular shifts including undaya. 



ikfc 



1 l c«r»twl Forosan In ("bargo of oewwtruetian t*m* In 

tsomwron '^iss. 

7 :'ot«s«R 1 la <J?»&r£e of onginoorin"; work»a«d 

road orowa on east eidt> of *JiO park J 
1 ir. ftab&M at hoadf;uarlers. 

- — i i of construction af cownt 

wr in (furlo^had 

..16) » 1 la c?iar^ of royairs <p 

8»v SJ'OtCtS (fWPlOUS t.15). 

8 In chars© °f **** ^rewa (ftarloushad^ 
..5-10.) 

j ^ : .vod all "•&?' >rn 

on neawgoaj operated one Ahift on 
tolaphone gwitchVard. 

2 > Telephone Si 1 !.«)>- * \ 

Vwrtf operatore. Oporotod telephone «miici*o«d t <?.Aily 

inter 'ieelianic In ciiarge of e-hopo. Mi of rupaire to 
heavy road machinery in tlw field. 



1 ' blaokonith 



: inco hnt»lt» M* work, 

in,: h ara ai la ebop and 

in U» fiaXi for crowe; wrorhaaliag and 

repair?. . • 



ntemird and faster 
of "Traneportation. Xn charge of all transportation ana 
of storehouses. 



D , Painter 



1 linenan 



1 v 'jaijovor 
1 . ' iondyaan 



foonovated <iuarters a sartors, *nd 

pdnted slgna^for £U clarx ?ic 

in +J» par!.. ' (0 painted equipiwtit. 

tn churge of telephone awl tolefiraph 
syotaa i icIikIIhg o: C haayy 

laainieaanca worft in ii»>J park, rid 
e»ei.*sency work a»x3 inatallod inetm- 

■aste* 

■M&MM «Hk M Maadquartera. 

MM i^u-oing and 
receiving supplies* 



< -o » 

1 



1^ 



■'ilo '^por. 
Rwfc ^.turallat 



Wit tf wfr — rftiMi 

it taae buffalo berd,rvu'> raising 
forago for 8&i*» *t Lanar Rives' Am . 

: NV anir. 
or, -'rook* 

o of MRMBatlm \iffico, scientific 
r<'8oa>''- -^rritiom ,otc. 



1 
2 
1 

1 
4 



In char;-/) of MMMl pifcMMm aV. repairs 
to », an* iniilding 

Motorcycle roo'iianic, ^pairing motorcycle*. 

* pairing wt*r trariM Mi Mvtac cam. 



-Vutoraobile 
^ laUJsaan 

> Aaslotant hief 
angers • 



'irnt-claes 

Kangers. 



IE Park fcngers 



50 



Tenporary %rk 
or«. 



-H 



■ hourly p'.trollo «■>" 

torsj took tare »f OfflM 'opt 

- 

no in »3 !W ■' - C «J 1 

•SMgs of southern district! 1 in 
ehari*a of western dia U charge 

. •< ^icrri district >xn< if crws and 

inr. 

;"ive in ohftrge of mnger stations 1 in 
herd of Ui:*> buffalo, 
Ls> 

o of rancor station^} doitv' patrol 
work formtionp, roads Hi trails, check- 
ing automobiles otc. 

EMnUAsg for fires, gwOlae formations, 

regulating traf r.ic,: fcorcyolo patrolo, 
^_ a iies at entri».noos?.,<?tc. 

10th, 1 on 12th, 4 
on 13th, a on 15th, 1 on 18th, 8 or. 13th, 



I on 20th, and 1 on ?.0tk.) 



In ad-lttion M U» WgMW Mtflq W M Xiatad •*•*• serving 

under ap^intw , --wins wore onployed temporarily by tl*> 



It all 



■oohanioa • 

Jonraatora 

Latorw: 

ed lahorwra 
Cooks .......... 



17 

62 
59 

JjL 



9 

a 

18 
17 

X 



205 



M 



LauTot of alaoneo. 

Poring Joptaaoar annual loBYaa of aaaonoo woro granto* 
at followai 



. 


Part Hojaf 


13 Aaya 


- 


ow'all :,:• Bl«ho» 


« » 


~ 


•t 


. 


. . -duo 


rt » 


2 




t. 21-22 


. . idi/ln 


"* . 


a 




- 


la 0, Daria 


' 


!• 


;)-28 (Noon) 


III.Ihm J. 'LoaffhllB, 




• 


II 


- . -JO 


. . 


tag agi ■ 


i 




- a 6* 13-25 


. 


H ff 


7 


H 


>.t. 1 


. Hoy 


Clortc 


e 




. ■ . 


Car lo ' . li^atl a»er 




"• 




. 10 (ji'oon)-. last Loaro. 



. • t. 4: Itfrll • Hamoaaor, .stonogflnphor-Ji 

.. 9t Holon K. Utfu , 
.*!>«. 16i Ohartla . tluaatt. Bine 



Soot* 30i 
Jopt. 15| 

.. ltti 

: ; *rpt. 7; 

:. 'i 

Sopt. 20 1 

:• 10: 
. 

Sopt. 10: 



. . d.vln, Clortc, ,1440 «r winun. 
. .'orroll, ?oron*uj 
it. 15 - .larch 33 
Poato la L**i ■»»• Maa ,liOt po* anw 

I aoth, 

John tBraaa, /ororaan, «• aawam 

riot . .nocha, /oroman, ,1800 o.a. 
Anssoll Sprinkle. 
Vcraoti Ba Damns, 
Kay Ba Too aisle, 
i.ow oaratt, tart- I ■■- -\ 



utjan. /up l-i wrod 

a. «« 

IlifTlT 9/7-3/6/zi. 
ed 9/38-4/30, . 
noatt . ff a 

»nth. Laid off. 
. Laid c . 
Laid off. 



^■x,,,, . ta or, 80 ocr month. Lai< ffa 

,o>wt la Ido, Mff*?« ,«0 p«» month. Laic 



Separations - Co 

Sooi. 12 8 any . I WHt t i'artt tiaagor, ^80 por noatb. 

Sept. Mffor. ,1800 p«r waue. 

8«pt. ■ . *> P»* iuwub. 

S. ; pt. 10s li: utnta, • ,r« ::*ar«r, .400 ?«» woatli. f. 

J. Kowmjrd, . r par Math. iaU off. 

Sopt. 13t rmr- . , lartt Juvror, *•<> P*' with. i-»l* ff» 

. 2Ci Honi? : arentl, aric Baajaar, #M por aonth. L«U off. 

• Vatthaw, .mr< Baajcar, <rlou*aad in. lefinl tal„ . 

. 19: bB* t • attii«*. Pafli Bawgar. 
Sept. l.Ji John . 3 p.a. 

tiarlao . 
t. liii -• D»» Blohol, J . • • 

iO[>t. 10s r«i i*0 par "»• i -Id off. 

t. 26j • 

3ept. . 4 ., 'awe 

. ?«ct, .-arte amagw, $80 par ■•• >**• 

kortaaa. Par* Bi *"> pa* »»• 

Sc-.t. li: IaaVal Baasatt aason, 200 p.a. 1. rf. 

•t. 16j tmrnat- . *aa, «'oir*n, #660. *•* 9/10/80-4/80/ . 






in. MB camr.F,TCDi 

(a) construction of Physic al InnroTononts . 

The crew constructing Bidewalko in the Upper Geyser Basin 
was laid off in tine to roach !!ead<p»*rtere on September 15th, and 
this work waa discontinued for the year. .Turing -eptember 250 
linaar foot of sidewalks were conatructed. 

ft pernanont water ay o ton to supply tho public canp at 
Oppor Peyser 3asin, and tho ^ld Faithful r«p of tho Tellowstono 
Park Ca»ps 'oapmny, was ©onpleted to tho extent that the pipo 
lino* were laid* T or s,0^0 foot free tho concrete reservoir and 
settling basin, tho wator is oarried in a 2 -inch galvanised pipo. 
liere ono branch of lL-inob pipo is taken off and run 1800 feet to 
the public camp, and anoUier branoh of tho ear* sis* 1b run to the 
Old Faithful -amp, a distance of 1,500 feet. 'vct»»l connection to 
the fixtures in the eanps will be ist.de at tha begin^iing of next 
season. 

Tho telephone Una crew finished remodeling the Sorrio-I'aiwnoth 
line, giving ua four wires between thea© points whioh provides two 
metallic circuits and greatly Istproveo the senriee to both sides of 

the park. 

~)ie trail crow with pack train transport* 'ion, ©owpleted the 
new Jonea *as trail, fron Turbid l*te to the oast boundary, and 
then engaged in building a* 1 repairing enowehoe cabins. 












"hs aane orew also built a now cabin on "horoughfare 
' roek twice the alse of the anowa)kO« cabins, near the old 
snowshoo cabin. "his new cabin Is intended for lanislng 
two rangers who will '■« stationed in the southeast oorner 
of the park in the Tipper Yellowstone country all winter. 
Also a new snowshoe cabin was built on arebell 'reek 9 
miles eaBt ef "nake "lTer -tatien on tho south Une or the 
park. "Ids was built in the usual mamer, of liewed logs, 
well ci.inked with ml. siae 12 x 16, roof of poles, rubberold 
and MsjbsjsJ lnohee of earth. "Toor of howod poles. indew 
shutters and doors of 2-ineh plank. 



U «rK(w»hoe cabins at -rortsmn take, "■ .vyling, *nd 
on the park line south of Ftiweraide • tation, were rehired by 
a snail orew with pack transportation, ~!» ot'iter crow, which 
built tlte Tons* *as trail and built new cabins, a so repaired 
the eabin at Spper Tellowstone, which is located near the new 
rancor station and can be utilised as a stable or store rooaw 

|] hss/fl orews oonpleted their work during the nonth, 
and were laid off. The crew at 'u^falo fcrsi put up 100 tons of 
5iay in : optonber, tasking a total thero of 450 tons. sstt crew 
at loug'n f^reek put up 75 tons additional. Baking a total of 
500 tons t!w»re. 'ancey orew put up -10 tons additional. 



Baking a total of 80 tons . "angers "inn and Andersen put up 

10 tons additional at '-orta Butte Station, Making tho total 

there 30 tons. Il oakee a total of 860 tons of hay in \/ 

stack for winter use at the four points iienttoned above. 

small crew with the caterpillar tractor and power 
trader widened and Japroved the road fron the Canyon Jfetel to 
the garage, \ *>** e » **« installed culverts • CM. f ' dianoter 
by 24 ft. long - at two point* on this road. ' work was 

completed the first week in -eptesiber, and the crew was called 
in to headquarters. 

The stone wal? laid in ©ament mortar, s| nllea f ran 
Headquarters on the Tower Falls road waa coapXeted awl the orew 
at the end of the raenth was making a nail fill behind the wall. I 
This wall is 142 feet long and has an area of 1.190 square feet. 

The snail repair orew working in the vicinity of Headquarters 

repaired the log ©rib near the rhinese Cardan, relieved the debris 

i 
whic 1 ! ktf collected in the culverts in the Gardiner nanyon, arid 

graded and levelled off the dirt floor in the large machine storage 

shed. 

Two nen who were repairing holes in the oil Macadam road near 
"est Yellowstone, completed this work on "eptember 18th. 

crew under forenan noch did general road mintenance 
work in the "outh ?orest in tlie vicinity of Arlsoaa Creek, but 
was laid off in tine to reach Headquarters on b eptomber 19th. 



The crew under "eneral Foreman -mil completed its work 
for the fall in ^unraven ?fc.es on "cpier.ber 30th, And aide 
preparation? to move in for the winter. ne large fill was ^ 

esapleted, anot^r nado possible, ■ la of road widened, 

during "eptembor* This work is to be continued in the spring* 
,(je conpleted the new road around the Lake Hotel, 
with the exception of rolling, and putting on a little mere gravel 
in places. A raee'ianie from the garage wae aent out to repair the 
roll*»r, and he did the rolling ar +,c ifc« Ml of the month* 

The crew working under fonehcea completed Ute repairs in 
the vicinity of Slacktail Deer ^reek on the Tower Falls road, 
and then mowed in to Headquarters aai caTwneed the construction 
of the new road in to HaiBroth Cmp* This roar! wo.3 aixrat 50 per 
cent completed at the end of the ssonth. 

The crew of 2 men on the Fast -Hntranoe road arrived at 
Sfeadquartera and were laid off the middle of the raonth, after 
storii^ most of t3»ir equipment at : >lvan fuss Station. 

All maintenance and sprinkling crows were called in on 
opteciber 5th, awl the eonetruetion and improvement crews 
completed their work as soon ac paoslble after that date. 

(o) •isoellaneoufl Saprovoinent $&*. 

The work of sowing and watering the lawne at Headquarters 
was discontirwed befor© the e d of September as no longer neeeoaary. 



The public Map* were given a good cleaning up af tor 
the travel dropped off bo there were tat few to occupy the*, 
weter pipee were drained, a nd the son who had boon eaployed 
cleaning osnpe were laid off about the middle of the month 



• 



?owardo the approach of tho closing of tho hotel* and 
cenpe, tho employees bsoene ■o n —hat loss attentive, and 
tho «i»rvioo was not qui to up to its high standard maintained 
during the height of tho season. "Ma condition, however, is 
almost Inevitable, as during **• **•* *•* **?» everybody begins to 
loos interest, and their minds are oontorod upon tho going away 
ot the close of the season* "is condition was not sufficiently 
apparent, however, to cause any serious ooaplaints, and even up to 
tho last day nost tourists loft with tho idea that they had boos 
wol treated. <• total nunbor of tourists entering tho park 

in eptenber was 7,386, as compared with 4,402 in eptenber in 
1919, the Increase being about 37 per cent. 

jflt—MtB "trrttt ■*•»! °* 826 inquirers Tlsitod 

the Information bureau during tho month of September. "Vo hundred 
and forty-six of those visitors ashed specifically for tho museum. 

IvnVJnf all tlva visitors were interested in the few spoeS»on» 
la tho offloo, and asked aany questions ataut then. It boosr* 
Increasingly evident that with proper labeling and exhibition of 



• larger oerioo of speciriena, this branch of our work would 
beoane very popular* 

>tal of 25 pamphlets ami 37 naps won nold. 

I oerloe of iwnMiljr bullotins on flowers, geology, 
animals, awl birds, woo prepared and piano I nt all ranger 
ota' 'jorm, canpa, hotels, and other . vblic places *t the 
^•ginning of the month. I total of N seta wore so placed 
177 notB were given out t© part«e* calling for tha«. Ms 
largo proportion of acta &sen cut nakoe tt orldewA that the 
itqmV io lucro* sing, auu that 'J* piintini. *£ •■• a*** *Wf 
distribution should be **de a regular foaturo of our T«ork. 
Copy of ti» aot for •■>p%.*jbev la ^if.lotod herewith. 

A ranger was on duty up to the and of tf.e season with 
the show herd of tone ba^alo at :**uaKoth ■•* ~pringa. and 
g*we out Information and an s were d question*: fftm tourist* who 
Tlaitod the hard* 

IT. nDfflC tl ZKXUMS8. 

Tha crow building cabins waa engaged at the end of 
September tn t)ia construction of cabins along tha south lino 
of tho park. ~he details of thio work are giren under a 
previous heading* 

M Kalntonanoe an* "apeix of Jgaigal AsaMHsaWlfti. - 
One snail orow with pack train is still engaged In 
repairing the anowohoe cabine along the west line of the park. 



The eloctrieians kept the power plant running 24 hours a day up 
to the close of the season on epteraber 20th, when the houro were cut 
down to 13 per day, shutting the plant down from midnight to 5 1 00 A.M. 
ruring the aonth the plant gene-ated a total of 13,930 kilowatt hours 
of current, of whi.sh 0,504 kwh were conduced hy park utilities, 1,155 
for street lighting, and the balance was used by our s.ho;» for power, 
for lighting government buildings, and loss on the poeer liK.ee. The 
peak load for the month was 68 KPT» In addition to running the plant 
one of the electricians attended to necessary repairs, installed new 
lights and fuses where burned out, Mi read the awtere. In early 
September I took occasion to have an expert tt the "'©stingheuoe 
•lectric A "fg.fo., who was visiting here from Butte, mke qux'u, a 
thorough inspection of the power plant. Hi reported it to be in ex- 
cellent condition, well kept up and Haintalned, and onn-iented oapecially 
upon its cleanliness. 

IM painter »n<5 one assistant devoted saost of the .o reno- 

vating living quarters tor employees at 'leadiuarters. CMf also painted 
a few bulletin boards for next Burner's use, and painted the iron tanks 
used for transporting gasoline by truck. 

I carpenters repaired buildings, including a log barn at 
Gibbon "eadows sprinkHnrt station, a lor. bam at tiorrls, and the log 
ranger station at "oda Butte. o»t »f their tlrse, however, wao put 
in rwnodeling the old hospital at headquarters, so it can be used for 
quarter -i arrt general MM for single «naployoc>8, to take the plaoo of the 
stone bachelor nuarters which will be rwaodeled into a nuseua and office. 

The balance of the force at the. shops urns employed in repairing »otor 
vehicles and roe.'' machinery. Ml flho*»int: horses used in tho crews. 



-15- 



•'•ssnlonero were too busy up to the 
close of tho soft son taking ©are of the wants of tourists 
to Jo ouch In the lino of iEprovenent work, and they all 
olosod up praaptly on '.epteinber 20th. - lnoe that time tho 
plana for fall i-provraente h*vo boon rade, but Tory lit'lo 
wna accomplished before tho and of eptenber, 

\9 filling station wad begun on tho stow alto of 
"©org* hittaker at "anjon. 

"he Md onpany continued the v,\-.rk on the domltory 
for fomle lielp at Canyon, ami this is still under way. 

~he Transportation Coapany begun the inpertont work of 
buil'!inr. a ateon heating plant for its garage building at » 
so it oan bo headed adequately hM work on the notor ▼ehi- 

o.t«*. ?).• toiler for this plant wan taken fr<m the old Fountain 
MA 

V. PURS OK PB3 -uKi 

It U (MfMri to wake all oliangos in details of mngera ^ 
for wlntor otationa, supplying thso with rations eto. 

"he work of rehiring and buildi.^ anowsho© oabina «U1 be 
oontlnued Hurinc '''opteabor, to couple' ion. 

Arraw:«aenta aro being raade with tlw "uroau of \^iyvl 
Industry, 'opartnent of '.,<rl culture, to furnish vaccine and 



inoculate the calvoe In the tarao iieril of buffalo for 
prevent' oeiala. 

"ho "lirvsien v.Ul M*a the swltchVjoard froi: lie present 
location In the lor officers ^rtera, to a aa&ller 

room or Ty to ... s-nerai clj^oa In the 

Interior of th* \m«r floor of th* VuAMinc ■■ ■*NF* it for ■*• 
ac an of^.ee anrf nu* 

'.or», teArin rt&MMI Ml ncking 

ehmiv. ** itt'*' I '« =»P» 

ac bc^>j us oonr«<!lent» 

'nation la to be put on • winter baeie, 
general! i\o*8 discontinued, ■ ■ .. 

«. Cmpe * lt« building 

prograr, at what building «iU be MMBMi thie fall hae 

not boon decided definitely. 

vi. fouexMt 

o now policleo were adopted during the month of "eptewber. 

VII. 

■ ©oet report showing expenditure* .«b«r will 

be tranmltte': a* eoon as practicable. Tide work i» • little 
behind on account of the rooignation of the oo«t clerk. 

mi. ojjns '■ o? xmmti 

ild fiMlg. 

"!"he otorae of -eptenber brought a few deer mt antelope 



down, *nd they wer« e»«n by nearly •*»«T tourist who 

as late as -eptosber *th. The elk soon to be stayinc high 

la the wi.- nly #••■ -w" w* ro »«« n » 

M Is ftn abuwianoe of forace, easy of access, for ftll of these 
ftnirmle. *■■»•»• report n»ny oftlree with the elk herds they sear. 
few tourists reported harlnt seen aountain slieep on 



a tftne buffalo herd was held baek en Hswmt HorrU all 
tlirough the nonth, o*cert on two or tbr»* occasions w?.on they 
w«r« brought down for moving picture camera nen. second bull 
was found dead during the aonth, cause unknown- 

Usages roportod n*oing » 1 .r. noose in the aouthweet 

oorner of the park during the nenth* 



■■'■•-••■ < 



• 



I'llng was fairly good in the streens in the northeast 
corner, la WIlH iver, aol 'tear the south boundary in nako 
iver. v«ber 81st, ranger Boonan eaught a 20-lb^ackinwr 

"rout in I nake iver .icar \M station. 

ing of fish begun in mgust was carried 
to completion during opton'or, with plants as follows i 

riackspotted trout rian+od by atlonal nirk "enrioei 

•owar Creek ™.000 

.5, In i-ollroarlng Crook, -,™ -vv 

... ^'SS 

-opt.U,ln -ode i fl '^X 

" 11, in Toar rook, 4P » 0C 

• 15, in oxtremc lwathmtor« of Heehler 'iver,... 84,700 



■ ; ,s noted auovo, those la ~ower Cr«*»k, 
nsllroari.-ig rook, Ivor, W to be trans- 

ported by pack train, at n*»de 1a aeehler vats at the 

. . ■ i-l uxplora- 

o HMWV ( and 
w)« i*iar< planteu that 

L* runJc'.t." the pa ..*neo. 

Mi -aae on 
• Bwreen of ?1 eyerie* waJo the followinf 
plants wf bl a', trout U-eaan wani-y, lute 

Veilgwetoi* «.i*i 

,. 

~ub C.n«k, 180.000 

^1©. , 100,000 

Thunb 110,000 

The Superintendent of this subhatchSFy, reports that 

C, 512, 000 ears of the blaokcpotted trout wro collected during the 

sea-son just past, of whioh 5,602,400 were collected from Tellowatone 

Lake *md tributaries, and 8£9,600 fron "<•!> Take, near :"«da Mtte 

tatlon. bou'. U por cent were lost in ;. . >*ut W-l/S 

j^t oent of the nuiber of egg" hatched ware planted bock lr.te park 

waters, which is a much higher percentage than has usually been 

left in the park. he balance were shippeu out and distributed 

fron the feder*" 1 . hatchery in Bosenan, Montana. 

M r.opt»nbor 26th, th« Ssjsnrrlaat of tioml 

Forest, planted 0,000 black-spoUed trout fry in Hidden Lake" Just 



outaido of the park on th« north, mar Buffalo Croak* Theee trout 
had to be 1 It to roach the 



There was no growth of flowering plants during 
tho north) r» oponirv, of freeh blossoB*. I fow of tho old fringed 
Centiana, r tfol<k=t»«>d, ami a ocky :«untaln boo plant persisted 
until the 13th, and purple/sunflowers five days lAter. Da tho 
18th, Iki wituur. oolorisv: of quaking aspen and shrubs wks at its 
height. Hlow leaves falling in nwabero on tho 17th, and ouaking 
aspen leaves on tho 21st. 

Blrdsi Tho last of tho following birds wore seen* 
Tree swallow on tho 8th, opottod sandpiper on tho 9th, nifhthawk 
on tho 15th, ; wainson hawk on tho J-Oth, yellow warblor on tho 21at» 
Tho nain night of Brewer blackbirds passed tlu-ough or. tho 16th, and 
pinl-alded J-.i-ioos on t.-.e 20th. h« rnllard drakes began acquiring 
plwragw of wi'itor on tho 21st. 

AnfcMlsi "o^- ■* *'•- whitatail deer rotalnad their mmtrmr 
coats throughout •*• i.-orth. but tho 1m% of t>te bu">o door in tho 
reddish ooat st* uinror wee soon on |M Oth. first oik ^ihistle 

wae heard on tho sooond Mi tho Mil* begr-n "horning the brush" throe 
days later. H» rutting season bacon about ibe lGth. -he last wood- 
ehucks and r«\itled ground BTuirrols woro eeon on tlie 6th. *n the 
20th tho first band of twelve ssteleye « "peered on the fleW *mr 
Oardiner. 



There are no positive indications yet as to an "©arty" or a 
"late" season, o indications of another hard winter. The above 
datoa ci'° «*■ «•*•«» » B on » **S later than average. 

.-jrroptp and. l>3*tio 1W of ,k«> 
The following is a list of arrests made during 
with action taken noted in each casei 



Date 

Tried 



if MNntete* 



n«pt.5 '.t.flove 
. v love 

"opt .9 I . -.Hamilton 

r.rnest "atherson 
Joe -iouB 

*tf|j*' Man 

"opt .9 "illiao A»piin 

"opt .9 Fred ^nholt 

ISark Dorehert 

"ept.13 .?. I. Tiller 

r.ept.14 riiaa Usja 

Sept .20 V\. Hamilton 



05«rge 
j peoding 



f-utting 

Green 
Timber 



T*tty Larceny 

(Cutting 
(knotted trees. 

: peoding 



■otion 
Taken. 
Ined 510 each and 
costs. 



('•equltted 

iand 
case 
dismissed. 

.'ined *1Q0 and costs. 

(Girted 38 each and 
(costs. 

?ined |25 and costs. 

"ined <*2B and costs. 

ined ?25 and costs. 



fittest ?ires. 

o forest fires occurred during; the month. 

Ttobsr "ut. 
Reports were received from the various oompanieB holding 
c noessiona in the park, as to amount of timber taken for various 
purposes during the fiscal year ended ^une 30,1920. The sutrary 



of t&nber bo token wrb as follows! 

..o r Firewood* .,P*:ds. t „ 

lor "toTernBient use, out fNH dead tlnber....* 20 
i ■ " " " a T6on " ..... 80 

Cut by T*11 *"»*»■» fork Ctinpu Company* 
. te.noing -*nd down dead timber, ...... .275 

Green vJ.-^<r ••»«•♦•»« « 25 3% 

Cut by Ibtel t^caapar^ # f/mm titzber ........ 1« 505 

Total for firewood.... 1.SE6 cords. 

IMLMUUttHJMaHMi 

Cut by fllft Company, 40,100 linear foot of (standing green 
logs, varying in iHflnrtlHT SWB I to 14 inc'aes* 

, ut l>y "corge '.hittakw for now fttti building at Caayta* 
4,200 linear foel of gre,»n logs, averaging IT- incheo 
in diameter. 



Acciden ts and ^aanK &teftfti 
On -opfceBbor 9, r. . Kenlson, of Dillon, "oiitana, reiwrts 
that whilo ho and hie son, each driving ■ O-paesenger oar, were 
asooitding to ^nravon Pass, the eon's oar slipped in the »aud and 
ersiohed into hiu own Franklin oar. "The daivage was not serious. 

itaAaW 21, ■ Mtak nt ditw fcy ftr* '. 8» QqAoi 

and carrying two na-jnengers, ran into ■ (VM «M2fl R feaflt 

noar the 20-taile post on the road from Lake toward? I'ylvan Paso, 
"lie oar wan Mag driven at a fell b rn'c sf speed, "^r.^don had 
four rlha Vroken, %n& Mat eeler, one of the paBsengern, 

auatained BevWal fcVt&IM Iflfl ■ '' rV ' (l Jb»i ^>y br"a- v ing 

|« ■' paotilnr automobile took the occupants of the 
wrecked car to ''Ax\ L»4g9< lufes* V w»m tcwod to 

ody. 



-23- 



I "epte»ber 20th, 'r. . . . 'Iton, who owns and 
operates the general stores at Wpper nasin, i.ake ana "limb, 
was narried to "l*a May ^pence, . aul, at 10: M ... in 
the chapel at Kamoth Hot -prints, "he cawnorv wa« performed 
by 30V..T.F. Titchard, ta the presence of a nurcber of friends and 
park residents. 

tttffe 

r;o9coe r^rold Tjonrwll wan bom to -'r. and ^rs.rred i-. 
Bowiell, on r.aptember 9th. The father la a Fteebanie in the 
enplay of tha IkttMftl ? ark : ervioe. 

hooping cough has be«n oom on anong the young children 
residlnc at park headquarters, eiswo the latter part of "epter.ber. 



•is -^eyeer feat* tha onaroh fieyBer and tha Mfe Tub 
continued totally inactiTo. 

| Imam «ayeer Basin, the Wwitllll and Groat "ountain geysers 
continued to play at 4-hour and 10-hour periods respectively. 

H the tJppar rieyear Basin, old "aithful played about ow»ry 64 
rainutaa, l>.isy every 90 ralnutoe. iverside every 7 haura. Observation 



of the Grand a* yM r still fur'J.er oonflmed Vie eetablishnent 
of eleven bouro as Its nvera^o period* 

ncor that the Kanaeth Point *t ma basoning wawilly 
active iw.i ot confirmed. 

■ "resident • lor, of the "orthorn aaHfie :*llroad 

""onpany, ontered tho par'/, on : eptewber Gth via "aiMiTor, Bade the 
trip through tho park and out at ' ody, returning via Tar<llner on 
epter.be r 10th. 

Peeeenger Traffic onager I. I, Baainger, of tho olfle 

"yeten, and "eneral ^wan—eer A<;ont . . enoer, of tho rego-. 
I lno, vial tod the park on -eptenber 11th md 12th, entering ond leaving 
▼la the westers entrance. 

Doctor ualph "Itch, a fanous eurgeon of *>ohester, l« T,, left 
the park pt*nbor 7th, after » few deya' vtalt. 

. nil* . avidson, of the national ^nrtii tfVloe of an 
niego, California loft on - eptember 18th, after a visit of aeveral 
days. 

eiioolate 'anltary : ngineer '. B. FVwwn. of the rnlted t*tee 
lie realth ervice, spent several day* In the part on an official viai 
waking a general snrrey of the sanitary oondltlone . -Us report and 
reran* endationf will he awk later. 

• r. . . : , -ilstant :.and»oape ngineer, National r>ark 
Service, vieited the park officially during the 



"r,"orl)ert ~orey, writer* entered the park on August 29 at 
Oardlnor, and loft v' BM rout© on epteribsr 7th* 

?he 'jf^lclal FathflaAtag Tour, u;idor the auspiooe af the Ifctlwl 
Hark to ""ark Hiflfrtay Aotsociatio; -An .-iutouobilo /.aaociation, 

arrived at the wir,u.m mnm oa r'-aptatibej 8 . of t3« party 

Included . . ■', • aaMngM -, . . ^.,'eott 

leavitt, of - .-.-j • . tad . • tartntMi of D*iniri Colorado* 

r. . I G*sae in at 

Oardi-..' • ' ; Uw MM aatMUMa BflflMflMa 1 "51.' . "hoy ojxsnt 

raoot of Hat* lima I I t .© {Wt fcWgftag iB trails with pi|tck outfit. 

"r. . . '-.:;.-., . . ar, . . -. | Mte# ont., 

was in th« park en iJepteaiber 7th and 8th. 

. f, V, JIatohsr, if T j 'optembsr 2, 

stating 'i0 had k**8 ■•jafBl La rarvoying a JWpaaad Wjwi froa "tail lodge 
to Cooks, Maataaa* 

y-visor "meat haar, Bf ias kaaaraka Rsftia* ti sad uj.<orvi- 

oor Clnrk, af the Gallat&a 'tatiooal tana** raided ort "epteraber 25, o.n thoir 
way through the park returning from Duffalo Fork. 

IgJkiPJL JL2ifflC92.' 
The following operated aotion picture caraoras, In tho part during -ept.i 
. ",. *,rjc5.or, of Pr>w»ll, zoning, for International Fila ^errice, 
. :«w York "it*. 

Island «T. 3»rrud, of unset- ^->r ml Aaaeaiai t'-onpaay* of ^aliforla. 
'fonnan MoClintock, of Pittsburgh, "onnsylvaiaia. 

"r. « T . , Haynsc. official perk photo nrrvhnr* tea* Bttrtaf, BlrtMr— 

« 

of the tan* buffalo for . . .Gregg, taa latter psr*, of •.optenber. 



-26- 




mtartalnraanta . ho Ml uric ■ !iop continued tha 
giving of public Uancas throo ©▼•nines a woak. Mid picture 
shows once a week, at, the '^st Mtaap auditoriun, up to 
the oloee of tho tourist season, when thej< were discontinued. 

"elirlous anrlcea. overend .'. '.'. "Tltchard, "nisoopel 
ninister frots .uigrant. "ontana, continued tJie regular we*kly 
Borviooo in the chapel, both norning and ©Toning eaeh : undajr, up 
to lhe close of the season. '*•» *a» «aid by father i-fcrtin, a 
▼islting nrieet of the Catholic f'hurch. in tho chapel on : eptenber 
5th. christian cience meatine* *«re bold in tha chapal on "ednes- 
<lay, ,<,ptafiber lot , and und*y. hftasftM 5th. 

Laetufi . ^rk Sanger "rs.Isabel Tiassett ■*■*• contirtuad ha* 
talka on "How tha Tallowatone fans to ha", daily at tha hotel, tha 

M th *m •»* «» ^ lic —p et "-"p-** - "- unU1 about thm 

niddle of roptuwhar. 

i v, ?a 4n«uad frow tMs of flea during tha 
-v.Ur <".Z8 insuan iron 

„„„ «•«*• t. «**— "- >- «—•.!-. **• - ~- 

lo also oncloead* 

X, I •' 

U.o due, a**** - transit-, father .1th 

^ order. a:d .raft toeing WMI - callad for b 7 tha reports. 

i. analoaad. M. —— P •- i~** - «*' ~"" W ~ 

Cordially yours, 

Horace ' .Albright. 
■ u;x>rintendant. 
The Director, 
tiational Mrk Service, 
Washington, P. ". 



Bt 



.UPERINTLNDENT 



DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 
NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK 
YELLOWSTONE PARK, WYO. 



IffiUOK CHIEF RNAG'SR'S OFFICE 

TO SUP. 

ACCIDENT 



On September 21st in the afternoon about 4pm 
a car driven by Mr. J. E. Odgen with passengers, lira* 
U, . Leach and :;iss aeeler cor.ir. 1a e 

to Sylvan Pass was going at a high rite of speed and 
in making a turn near th est, ran into a 

tree. Mr. Odgen received four broken ribs and i'dss 
Wheeler sustained several bruises and a broken javr 
caused by the breaking of the windshield. The car 
was left on the road »r«3 the people were taken into 
Hc«Tif Lodge by a parsing car. -re row 

under the doctor's cart and doing well. 

The car broken dow- is a Buick, license number 
9114, Minneaote liscense. The car is being towed into 

Cody today. 

The above information was received from Sylvan 
Pasa Ra ger Station from Hanger Wilkinson this Horn- 
ing. 

Chief Ranger's Office 






?f<rx/kt^^ «,4 










ravel 

( l AUg. 31st 

;ravel 
., i Aug. 31at 

ravel 
ill AUeJ« 31a t 






Comparative statistics o^^avel 
jne 1 ark 1919 an ' 
Septemhar 18th 



in the Yellowstone"! ark 1919 and 1920 through 



1920 

PA,: 



NORTH 
8917 

13484 

411 



RSS3 
14176 

1397^ 

189 



3959 

14247 

73 



22812 28337 18279 



travel 

lst-Sept. 19th 

travel 

lst-Sept. 19th 1-26 

travel 

lst-Sept. 19th 



700 



(Aug. 31-Sept 19)1*86 
TOTALS 24738 



946 
862 

1808 

3014!) 



246 
1227 

1473 
19752 



1919 
pas3en t ,cr b 



travel 
h AUl,. 31 a t 
travel 
h Aufo. Slat 
travel 
,h Aug. 31st 



HORTH 
7093 

11554 

70S 



re si 

8171 

13795 

119 



SA31 

2777 



19350 22085 



travel 
> b -h(Aug. 31-Sept 19)702 

travel 
,gh(AU£. 31-3opt 1S)938 

travel 
i.hlAUg. 31*3ept 19)_74 
.J 
.1 U*C* ■ !"••»* 19|1714 



) TOTALS 

• «»■»• 



21064 

****** 



702 
668 

3. 
1373 

2; 458 

r • » * * » 



ftOUCl 

2977 
16 

2993 



243 

1_ 

244 
3237 




ease in 
ijer of Tourists; 

-1920 

919 



I IB Hi 



..-is 



24738 

21064 
3674 



30145 

23458 

6607 



2 42 

617 

17 

876 
13358 

19752 
Li 358 



63 94 



2314 



11 :- 

4 

lb6 
2470 

3.. 37 

2470 

767 



27052 

44680 

689 

72421 

1892 
3558 

1 



5451 
77872 



;als 

18041 

37256 

934 

56231 

1646 
2356 

98 

4lu0 

60350 

* •» 

vO Si L 

77872 

60550 
17522* 



Season of 1920 
from June-Aug 31 
from Aug. 31-3ept 19 

TOTALS 



(2) 



12 2 R 



u^or yyiOLi,. 



3781 
866 

4147 




3969 




4388 




865 



TOlAl 

12345 
1044 

13389 



Jeaoon of 1919 
from June-Aut 31 



tome 



3448 



3767 



2648 
188 

2036 



630 



10003 
678 

10681 



Increase in number 
if motor vehicles 
"rom 1919 to 1920 



• • « « *X920** •** 


4147 


3989 


4388 


865 


1.' 389 




3448 


3767 


2836 


630 


10681 




699 


222 


li>52» 


23b 


2708 



■ 



SEPTEMBER NOTES ON THE ANIMALS 

MOUNTAIN SHEEP are on the high mountains, but occasionally seen on Mt Washburn 
Lambs are now three months old. wasnmirn. 

ELK are still on the high mountains but will be working lower all through the month Still not 

the K^trS^tSS'" " a,m ° St any P ° int th — h -"hetrip, particularly near 
r Jn AV F\ are shy but mi ^ ht be se en, at almost any point, in the evening but not in the dav time 

o^M Park ' " e - the , Yel l° WSt0ne Brid ^ e below T ™<* Falls, and on the b aver pond afongsTde 
road to Mammoth 15 miles from Tower Falls, are the most likely places The beaver are now' 
returning -to their homes after having spent the summer wandering about the Park asTey usual 
do, and they are busy patching up their houses and dams. Y 

rare a^l^seldomTen 011 a ' m ° St eVeryWhere but the W0LVES and MOUNTAIN LIONS are so 

BLACK BROWN and CINNAMON BEARS, all the same species, just as we have black yel 
low and white cats. They are to be seen about the dumps near Old Faithful Lake and Canyon 
and also near West Thumb and Tower Falls, and might appear almost anywhere The cubs are now 
about seven months old, having been born a month or more before the parents let heir peaces of 

^ G S J ^??^SS^ ta -- ab ° Ut the ^ at ^ * Canyon 

SEPTEMBER NOTES ON THE BIRDS 

about YelwstonP T^k^ "* T ° Ut °u ^ "^ 6XCept * feW ° f the <"*"* at the Canyon and 
about Yellowstone Lake, and even those will go soon. There may be a few other isolated nests.perhaps 

Fall migration is on in full swing during September. Some of our birds such as: lazuli buntings" 
he hummingb.rds willet, spotted and least sandpipers, the swallows, western tanagers, and some of 
he warblers left for the south during August. During September, the rest of ?he warblers and 
sandp.pers the flycatchers, many native sparrows, the kinglets, the cranes and herons the gulls and 
pe .cans, the nighthawks the Swainson and marsh hawks, and most of the woodpeckers wHeave 
for the south. The main flight of juncos will pass through early in the month and the white-crowned 
sparrows a little later. The Brewer blackbird main flight will be about the fifteenth. The numbers 
ot all the migratory birds still remaining will be greatly depleted. The magpies that have spent the 
summer on the plains will move back up into the Park. The nutcrackers and jays will come down 
trom the mountain heights and alpine forests to a lower elevation. 

_ _ The camp-robber, as the Rocky Mountain jay is colloquially known, will be a very persistent 
visitor to camps and all stopping places in search of table scraps. 

: Great numbers of ducks and geese are coming down from the north and many varieties are to 
be found on all our ponds, and lakes, and streams. 

M. P. Skinner, 

A , „ Park Naturalist. 

Approved for publication, 

September 1, 1920. 

Horace M. Albright, 

Superintendent. 



*m 



I 



SEPTEMBER 
MONTHLY REPORT FROM THE CHIEF RANGKR' S OFFICE 

1. GENERAL CONDITIONS 



September raarke 1 the olose of the 
biggest and most successful years in the history of 
the park. The permanent Rancors, with the assistance 
of 36 temporary men, handled 79,777 tourists without 
a serious aocident. No fires for the month were re- 
ported an< all game seen are said by the Rangers, to 
be in the best of oondition. 

An early snow covered the entire park 
September 24, and 25. Its depth as was reported: 

Mamnoth 2.0 inches. 

Horris CO inc&es . 

Madison Junction s . o inches . 

Riverside 7.0 inches . 

West Yellowstone 6.0 inches. 

Upper Basin 6.0 inches. 

West Thumb 23.0 inches. 

Snake River 30.0 inches. 

Lake 12 .0 inches . 

Sylvan Pass 22.0 inohes. 

(In pass) 30.0 inches. 

Canyon 16.0 inches . 

Tower Falls 9.0 inches. 

Soda Butte 11.0 inches. 

With the exception of snow in the high passes, all 
station reports indicated no snow Oct. 1. 

It was also reported and is claimed by 
the Park Naturalist that all big game are still high 
in the mountains, where grazinc is said to be excell- 
ent. Several complaints have been received relative 
to the bear breaking into the oamps and stations. 

By order of Superintendent Albright, 
Rangers at the cheeking stations continued to oharge 
the specified entrance fee throughout the month. 



II. PERSONNEL. 

The following Bangers, holding temp- 
orary appointments were released from duty and their 
services terminated September 10,: 

JfTilliara Treutman Upper Basin. 

^Vernon Downs Upper Basin. 

Rasing L. Engleking.... Canyon. 

'Robert Ide Fountain. 

vLew Sarrett Sylvan Pass. 

Frederick. Fiskbaek Lake. 

The following Ranger* , holding temporary 
appointments were released from duty and their servioes 
terminated September 13,: 

^Ray Teesdale Canyon. 

v/Frank Parseh Canyon. 

-Guy Grove...!."* West Yellowstone. 

/Nelson Howard Mammoth. 

The following Rangers, holding temporary 
appointments were released from duty and their services 
terminated September 15,: 

v Louis Bruskin Fountain. 

"^L. Dow Nichols .Tr Lake. 

^ Roger C. Ooode Mammoth. 

^Charles H. Tlatlcin Upper Basin. * 

v* John L. Tyler Motorcyole patrol.* 

7 LLeon D. Mink Sylvan Pass. 

-Oae-^aa-Wyke Mammoth # 

Edgar F. Randolph Gardiner O-^M 

Tom Meek Madison Junction # £? ■ 

Senneth Church iiammoth. --*—~L. 

The following Rangers, holding temporary 
appointments were released from duty and their services 
terminated September 20,: 



* 



" Hollls 11. Mathew../3... Motor cycle patrols. 

» Emmet S. Mat hew. . . I ^, , . Motor cycle patrols. * 

''Russell Sprinkle....... Motor cycle patrols. 

./Henry Ravenell Canyon. 



* Holding a W.A.E. appointment. 
4 Resigned September 1, 1920. 



■ 



U. r-orsonnol, continued. 



The following /dangers, holdlnr tsttporary 
eppolnteisnts wore nImmI frow duty and their services 
terminated October 1* : 

Pean H. Hauscwn.., Chief Ranger's Office. • 

„ "endell I* rente......... orris. 

«lff l Jin the poreonncl . 

Sen Hurless, Hanger lr. oharf* of the ^est Yell- 
owstone checking- station was transfer*', "eptenl.er 18* 
to the L'pier Ceyser Ifesln, where he vus ordered to 
supervise ths cutting of wood. # 

Mum Larson, temporary, at th* Riverside station 
was transferee Septeaber 1 to ■mmiWu » =»a appointed 
penanenl Ranger September 1? and ordered to report at 
the Crevioe station. 

. . cade, temporary,* on duty with the motor- 
ovele patrol, was transfered September 18 to the 
*eet Yellowstone Chocking station to relievo Hanger 
tturlses. 

•Tt "licensor., tesiporary, stationed at, the 
Canyon, was transferee to Sylvan r*«» Teptentoer IS, 
where he mm deUiled to oheck the auto traffic 

-endeli '!. Bishop, Riverside station, ordered to 
report at the Chief danger' s Office ::epteabor 24, to 
relieve Ass't. Chief Sen or Oeorge ?. Fustmn. 

Ass*t. Chief Rn.-'.ger fieorge T. Dustraan, In oharge 
of Chief Ranger •* Offloe, temporary Ranf-ora and motor 
oyole riders, tranafered to the clerical division Sept- 
ember 20. 

Luther Custer, Tnumb station, ordered to report 
at the riverside station septefoer 27, to relieve 
Ranger Flshop. 

<oy T. Frasler, !femnoth ordered to report at the 
"est Oailatln station reptenber 18, to relieve Ranker 
Douglss, appointed Ass't. Chief Ranger, Southern district, 

• Holding . . . ; , G i. %m\ t. 
f Temporary Hanger* 



II. Rsrsonnel, continued. 



Prank J. i.iness. Ranger in charge of Lake sta- 
tion, reported at Chief Ranger' s Office September 31 
with resignation to become effective October 7. 

Albert T. Bicknell, appointed permanent Ranger and 
ordered to report at Lake otation September 30. Oath 
of office taken October 5. 

James Russell, Ranger at large, ordered to report 
at Lake station September 26. Authorized to take cham 
of station by Chief MoBride. 

Ass't. Chief Ranger Charles J. Smith, Upper Basin 
station reported at Mammoth September 17. Ordered to 
report at West Yellowstone September 30 to take charge 
of Western District. 

Lee Cottrell, appointed Ranger on the permanent 
force September 12. Ordered to report to Ranger Little 
at the the Bechler river station. 

Ranger Clifford Anderson, appointed Ranger on the 
permanent force September 10. Reported to Ranger 
Dupuis at the Tower Falls station September 17. 

Ranger Court Es. Dewing, Fountain station, ordered 
to report at ^^ammoth September 14. Detailed September i^/v-^ 
15 to Crevice station during the hunting season. sTZ<y\j ^iS^ 

E.T. Scoyen, Ranger in oharge Canyon station, " 
ordered to close station September 19. Detailed Sept» 
ember 26 to Upper Yellowstone country for the hunt- 
ing season. 

CO. Davis, Lake Ranger station, ordered to rep- 
ort at Mammoth September 20. Detailed to the Upper 
Yellowstone during hunting season September 29. 

Ranger James Brooks, assistant chief Ranger in 
charge of the southern district ordered to report at 
Mammoth September 25 and to be ready for transfer to 
Glacier National Park. 



j3 






II. Personnel, ontlnued. 
Imtii of 



T..T. Townsend, Rancor In oharce ot Sorrla 
statlo", "ept«wib«r tt|Mt«tliHi ?ej*«wiber 27, 
Ranger KMU t temporary, had oharc* of lUtlon 
1 urine U» ftbHON of ^an^er Tcwnsend. 

Wendell M, Slshop, Riverside Rue»r station, 
■r 10 to ia,....*i>tenber 19, ...to 28th. 
for duty at Chlof Ranger's Cfloe after 
tho durtatlon of iha loavo* 

W.H. Purluo, TmlB* ^iwer Ranger station, 

°l,....to.... :'Mpt.on>>«r tt«« Two day*. 
Rami.' of station durln,- ivhsenoe. 



Calvin n. >.vl8, lake Rancor station, 

74,,... to...* entanber ?f#. TVo days, 
for duty lr. Pppar YolJowatono district 
open tho Aarlatf Ion of tho lonwa. 

Dean *J. lausenwi, Chlof Ranger**; Of floe, 
September *">,,.., to* •••Ootober ▼,♦ ^*ven days, 
Olron indefinite furlong after the. terninatlon 
of his leave. 

Tho follo"lnr Rangers mid official visits to 
during the north: 

Trod 9* Townsend I 'endell 81 Teate 

ford Rirdy v ^n» 'Arson 

endell ::. Bishop B.X. Heads 

Charlos J. Ssdth iuther Custer 



r erl Bosom. "lllian S. Purdue 

Savanna Llttlo Janes Russell 

Frank •'. «lnes* 0*0* r*vis 

E.T* Soojwn .'ansa Dupuls 

fleorge Inn !1onry Andsrson 

Court R. Peeing 'o*«ph Douglas 

Rangers Robsr' llkenson and ■•■, Meade, both 
woro rotalnod on the foroo durlnf "epteriber 
tsi peralt poraanont awn to prepare for the h <ntlng 
patrol and cutting of winter wood. 



III. WORK COMPLETED. 



The usual preparations for the winter 
patrollnn was carried out to a large degree by the 
permanent men. A notioable feature of this work was 
the time devoted to erery detail which will tend to 
make the game protecting more theoough and effioient 
as well as more oomfortable for the men. 

Station work . 

Under the direction of Ass't. Chief 
Ranger Harry Trischnan new enow shoe oabins were oon- 
struoted and many of the older cabins in need of repair 
were re-lined and plaoed in first class order. 

A new snow shoe cabin was constructed 
at the head of the Thoroughfare district which will 
be used the entire winter by Rangers patroling the 
eastern border of the park. A large quantity of rations 
has been paoked to the cabin for use during the hunting 
and fire patrol seasons. 

Rangers cover ing the territory from the 
Snake River station to Haiebell oreek and Fox oraek 
will also have oabins to spend the night in. The con- 
struction of the oabins on these to cr eks is practlo- 
ally completed. Pack trains have started freighting 
the rations into these oabins. 

Ranger Henry Anderson, Soda Butte station, 
is constructing a oabln near the north boundry line 
of the park to be used during the hunting season while 
patroling that distriot. This cabin is hidden where 
trappers and hunters are unlikely to find it. 

The South Riverside oabin, located near 
the II mile post on the West boundry of the park, 
was re-built this month. A new boar I roof and floor 
was installed by Ass't. Chief Trisohman and hla crew. 
This oabin will be used twice a week by the patrolman 
from the Riverside station. 

The same orew also re-built the Buffalo 
Lake oabln on the YTest boundry, looated near the six 
mile post. A new board roof and floor was built In. 
T sis oabln will be used regularly by the patrolman 
from the Beohl r River station. 



III. WORK COMPLETED, continued. 



Station work, continued . 

The trail crew under the direction of 
Ass' t. Chief Rangor Trisohman, completed the JoneB 
Pass trail, leading from Turbid-Lake to Jones Pass, ) 
thence do vn Jones creek to the eastern border of the 
park and north to Prost Lake. Rangers petroling over 
this trail, work under the advantage of being able to 
"field" a vast area of the park. 

Stations rationed for winter patrols . 

A special paok train and packer is work- 
ing under the employment of the department, freight- 
ing rations to all of the snow shoe cabins. The train 
has spent the entire month in work on these cabins. 
The following snow shoe cabins were rationed,: 

Soda Butte 60 rations . 

Miller River 30 rations. 

Cold River 30 rations. 

Frost L ake 60 rations. 

Pelican 60 rations. 

Park Point 30 rations. 

Cabin Creek 30 rations. 

Upper Yellowstone. 60 rations. 

Harebell 30 rations. 

Lewis Falls 60 rations. 

Cascade 60 rations. 

Buffalo Lake 30 rations. 

Se. Riverside .... 30 rations. 

Greyling 60 rations. 

Sportsman Lake ... 30 rations. 

Hellroaring 30 rations. 

Lo. Slough Cr 60 rations. 

Thumb.... 60 rations.* 

Canyon 60 rations.* 

Norris 60 rations .# -/ 

Madison Juno 60 rations.* -^y 

Upper Basin 50 rations .* 

Total 1,620 rations. 

* Loop stations unocoupied during the winter. 
■fl Rationed for those who do not care to pay 
board at the rate of 50 cents per meal. 



III. WORK COMPLETED, continued. 

Patrol* . 

September IS marked the close of the 
fire petroling, which was the out standing feature 
of the entire Ranger force this season. The few fires 
during the season did very little damage and were 
soon under control. 

Permanent and temporary Rangers were 
responsible for 6 arrests as the result of a lilce 
number of parties, negleotlng to extinguish their 
camp fires. All were taken before U.S. Commissioner 
John W. Meldrum and punished as he deemed advisable. 

Temporary Rangers patroled practioally 
two thirds of the entire park and proved very effect- 
ive In controling the tourist travel off the main 
highways. It is just to sa" they were responsible for 
the preservation of many aores of tall timber as the 
result of their careful attention. 

The danger of fires In the park during 
the summer months, dispite the record of a heavy 
rain-fall, proved to be the greatest worry to the 
department. This is accounted for by the fact that 
thousands of tourists searched deep into the Inter- 
ior of the park for elk horns. This privilege, made 
oonstant petroling almost a necessity. Nevertheless, 
no serious aooidents or defacement resulted. 

The motor cyole Rangers closed their 
season September 20, its seoon* year in the history 
of the park. Five Rangers attended to t.is duty, 
oontroling traffic patrollng irregular auto camps, 
fishing holes and out-of-the-way formations, in add- 
ition to the delivery of the regular Ranger mail and 
in the oarrying of dlspatchs. Seventeen motorists 
were taken before the U.S. Commissioner by this branoh 
of the Ranger force on oharges of breaking the traffic 
rules and regulations. All were punished by the Comm- 
issioner as he doomed advisable. 

All permanent men were ordered to the 
park lines September 15, with instructions to be 
constantly on the look-out for duck, chioken and 
deer hunters. This game is reported in abundance 
over the entire park and especially near the West 
Gallatin range. 



XIX "ORK CQWnmWt concluded. 

3SSL 

Buffalo Ranoh . 

. faoorobe, he*,', keeper at the Buffalo 
ranoh, roported that 450 tona of hay waa I arveated on 
the neadova of the ranoh. fourteen men w*re ooplo-nd 
thero during Auguet and the foro part, of ;'eptenl*r. The 
hay will be ueed tn the proteotlon of tha largo herd 
of buffalo. Freaent weather condltlona and the abtadant 
forage on the range, lndloatea a mild winter for ti» 
hard. About fifty head of buffalo oalrea are now being 
fad hay fron the aupply. 

slough Creek. 

A large erew of man under the auparvlalon 
of Chief lioBrlde and "iwok" TJutohlna, oonpleted the 
harreat of tha largeat hay crop In tha hlatory of the 
Slough Creole florae Ranoh r*eptembor 8. over 860 ton la 
In the ataeka, all of whlon la claimed to be flrat olaaa 
hay. Thla hay will be uaed to feed the large herd of 
H.P.8. and D. of I. horaea. 

8oda Butte and Yanoey . 

*ho Sod* Butte and \Tanoey aeadowa yielded 
hoary oropa but the extreme ahortage of labor made It 
alaoat lapoaalble to harveat the entire hay area. A . a 
reault, but 110 ton of hay w <a ataoked. 

The heavy expenoe enoountered laat year 
In the feeding of the gana and atoes of the department, 
due to tha ahortage of hay and greaa in the low-landa 
will be alnoat oounteraoted by the abundant oropa and 
exoellent feeding grounda. it la the oocnon belief that 
our own harveate will bo adequate.to winter the gaaa 
ad g o vernment horaea. 



? 



IV. WORK IN PROGRESS. 
Auto Campa. 

Four large, free public automobile camps 
were open to the motor public during the entire season. 
These camps were constantly polioed by the Rangers, who 
supervised their keeping in a sanitary oondition. These 
proved to be one of the greatest asse/ts in the park 
as well as one of the hardest to maintain. 

Throughout the entire tourist season these 
camps were being enlarged and made more oomfortable. 
It is the entention of the department to have many more 
of these oamps constructed at the many prominent att- 
ractive formations on the loop. Plains are already made 
to have similar oanps at all of the interior stations. 

Trails. 



The trail crew, under the direction of 
Ass't. Chief Ran-er Harry Trischman moved their camp 
to the western border of the park. The border line is 
being cleared of all fallen timber and surrounding 
trails placed in condition for winter patroling. 

Cabins. 

Plains have been made for the construct- 
ion of two new snow shoe cabins in the southern dis- 
trict of the park. Men are in that vicinity at the pre- 
sent time but it is doubtful if the cabins will be com- 
pleted for use during the 1920-21 season. 

Stations . 



Though plans have been made to repair 
many of the stations in the park, but labor difficult 
ties and financial matters has made it impossible to 
make any progress in this line. 

Campa and Lunch Stations . 

Many of the oWeye-sore" buildings along 
the highways in the park are being torn down and the 
timber used as feul by the Rangers in the vicinity. 
These old stopping places have been otft of use for 
several years which the Rangers in the immediate vic- 
inty feel Is a detriment to their neighborhood. 






V. WORK BEGUN. 

See UI and JT^ 

71. PUHS On PROPOSED WORK. 



Orders issued by Chief Ranger Mo- 
Bride to Rangers at their respective stations clear- 
ly specifies that every precaution possible oust be t 
taken to proteot the birds and animals in the park. 
Men have been ordered to make camps along the entire 
park lines where hunters or poachers are apt to 
work within the lines of the park. These men will 
held on these duties until about January 1. During 
the winter they have been instructed to make an in- 
vestigation of their entire territory not less than 
twice a week and in the more populated areas, at least 
once a day. 

The order of hunting season patrols is 
as follows,: 

One man west to six mile post, 

Gardiner ..three times per week. 

One man to patrol east to three 
mile post, tnice a week. 



One nan camped east of station 

Crevice ....on park line between Hellroaring. 

One man to make daily patrol west 
on line to Bear Broek. 



One man to patrol south 
Soda Butte..... <to Frost Lake. 

One man to patrol west 
to Slough Creek. 



One man camped on park line be- 
Tower Falls.... tween slough Creek and Hellroaring. 
One man for emergency duties 
at any time necessary. 



71. PUNS ON PROBDSED WORK. 



0ne P*trol weekly to Frost Lake. 
Sylvan Pas».... One patrol weekly to Crow and 
Jonea Creeks. 
One patrol to line on Eagle creek. 

One man patrol twice a week from 
Upper Tell.'...TT.y. to Fox creek. 

One nan patrol twice a week to 
Mountain creek and on to line. 



One man to patrol twice a week 
Snake River.... to the Cascade cabin. 

One nan to patrol weekly to Fox 
creek, via Harebell creek. 



One man camped on west line 

Beohler during entire hunting season. 

One man twics a week to the 
Casoade cabin. 



One man capped on par'c line be- 

Riversid* tween Oreylin.s; and ^est entrance. 

One man twioe a week to 6 mile post 
south of South cabin on park line. 

One man twice a week from sta. to 
West Gall.' ....Sportsman Lake. 

Ono man camped on park line between 
station and rrreyllnp; oabin. 

Two visits each week to the Can- 

Norris yon hotel and camps. 

Two patrols a week to Grlzslie 
Wke and vicinity. 



L_ 



I 



VI. PURS ON PROPOSED V.'ORK. 



Permanent Rangers and their respective 
stations it u follows: 



Chief Ranger Janes IfcBride. 

At !* r t Ass't. Chief Ranger 

Harry Trisohman. 

Ch. R'g'rs Off Wendell 11. Bishop. 

Thad C. Pound. 
Gardiner A.L MoLaughlin. 

Court B. Dewing. 
Crevice Rans Larson 

Janes Dupuis 

Tower hlli Clifford Anderseon 

Peter Lawson 

George "inn 
Soda Butte Henry Anderson 

Janes Russell 

***• A.T. Bieknell 

Joseph Douglas, Ass't. Chief 

E.T. Sooyen 
Opper Toll' CO. Davis 

W.N. Purdue 
Snake River Earl Bowman 

Raymond T. Little. 
Beohler Lee Cottrell 

Ford Purdy 

Riverside Luther Custer 

Charles J. Smith, Ass't. Chief 

Sam Woodring 
West Gallatin Roy T. Prasier 



Norris 7. J. Townsend. 






VII. POLICIES. 

„f «„<-„♦ J h * ! lieh ******** of courteous and 

efficient service to the Tisitors of tho park ha. 

complaints received about, the »en were due to their 

v?«. £"?!' J nt * re8t t0 M ™ «ie National Park Ser- 
rioo to the best of their abilities. 

work 1« Ik. „ ^ *"!? f "ture to the permanent Rangers 
£™! • oo-op.ration inaugurated between th. Fk* 
Ranger., Pore.t Ran e er. and Deputy State Oane Warden. 

f£2 ?*^ < b - n »PP<»l«ted Deputy Game harden, of the 
•tat. hording the park along their respeotive districts. 
The., appointment, were .ecurod to benefit the C ame 
protection work of all three .errioes. 

VIII. COST OF OPERATIONS. 

See annual report to the Direotor . 

IX. OTHER MATTERS OP INTEREST. 



Game of all di.oription. and in Urge 
number, began to make their appearance in the lowland, 
of the interior of the park during the latter part of 
the month, according to the report, of th^ Rangers. 
It i. olaimed by authoritie. in the per.onnel of the 
foroe, that never before hare the/ .een the game i 
suoh excellent oondition*. Their aotion. indicate, 
according to old traditions, a very lirht but early 
winter. Elk are in exceptional hiph fle.h, among which 
the many young oajves are the be.t example. 

All preparations for their protection 
during the hunting season have been praotioallv com- 
pleted . 






IX. OTHER MATTERS OP INTEREST. 



Game. 



Buffalo , wild herd . 

" iery few of the wild buffalo herd were 
seen during the month. They are still high in the 
mountains where their forage is abundant. 

Buffalo , tame herd . 

By order of the Bireotor of National Paries 
a young buffalo bull has been granted the Toledo, Ohio 
Zoology Society which will be taken from the tame herd. 
It is understood the Soaiety is to defray the expense 
of shipping the animal, which will be shipped after the 
vacoination of the herd In November. 

Buffalo Keeper Laoombe reported over 500 
head in the herd. Of this number about 50 are calves. 
Discourageing losses was encountered in the oalving 
due to the severe winter and esential shifting of the 
herd. Several oalves were killed during these moves. 

During the month, two moving picture men 
visited the ranch. Mr. JtoClintock, representing the 
N.P.S. Publicity department succeeded in securing some 
exoellent pictures of the buffalo in their native haunts. 
He was olosely followed by J.E. Haynes, offioiil park 
photographer, aocumpanied by Mr. Gregg a well known f 
friend of the park. 

The show herd of 16 animals held in the 
large corrals near the Mammoth Camps by Ranger Peter 
Lawson, proved to be one of the greatest attraotionso f 
the season. Guide trips were taken to the herd twice 
a day by both the hotel and oamping company. This herd 
was taken back to the Buffalo Ranch September 21. 

Bear . /I 

U 

\- The o_lo3lng of the resorts about the park 
brought many ovacioua bear to these plaoes. Many com- 
plaints were received about then breaking into store- 
houses etc Ranger lAwson was detailed to the Canyon 
to investigate the actions of a Cinnamon but failed to 
discover him to be above the ordinary at this time of 
the year. 






IX. OTHER MATTER. OF INTEREST. 



Game. 



Ante lop*. 

More than 600 antelope were seen by the 
Ranger* in the Slough Creek, Turkey Pen and Blaok Tail 
districts during the month. Uncompleted oounts of the 
herd shows them to be more than 800 in number. A very 
notioable increase was noted. 

Deer. 

The first snow of September brought many 
blaok tail deer down out of the mountains. A large herd 
made its appearenoe on the lawns of the residences at 
Mammoth. A satisfying number of fawn is among the herd. 



? 



Dispite the slaughter and severe winter 
of 1919-20, the monthly reports of the Rangers disolote 
■any large herds in the vicinity of Morris, Snake Rirer, 
West Gallatin and Soda Butte. Their protection is an em- 
inate feature of the work to follow. 

Moose. 



Rangere in three distinct areas of the 
park reported seeing herds of IJoose. Ranger RayaonaJ 
Little reported a herd of 25 in the Beohler River die- 
triot. The same herd, was also reported by Rangere 
Ford Purdy and Hans Larson. 

Ranger W.S Keate of Norris reported a 
herd o* eight near the Virginia Cascades. Three were 
seen by Ranger Bishop near Mount Holmes. 

Ranger Larson reported a lone, lar-e 
bull across the park line from Crevioe station. Some 
aotion should be taken relative to this animal in the 
near future as hunters are quite numerous in that 
district. Game laws will not protect him. 

Carnlverous animals . 

Coyotes in large numbers have been re- 
ported in the western distriot. All rangers are carry- 
ing fire-arms to rid the park of these animals. 



H. OTHER MATTERS OF INTEREST. 



Fishes. 



More than one million trout were planted 
In streams of the park during the month. Most of these 
fish were hatched at the hatchery at Tello stone Ulce. 
The streams in which fish were planted and the number, 
is as follows: , 
Blaokspotted trout . 



September 2, 
September S, 
September 4, 
s*»tamber 11, 
September' 11, 
September IS, 
September 13, 
September 13, 
September 13, 
September 13, 
Total, 



Tower Creek 
Hellroaring creek 
Slough Creek 
Sedge Creek 
Bear Creek 
Beehler River h'd. 
Columbine Creek 
Cub Creek 
CinM.r Creek 
Thumb 



76,000 

62,000 

106,000 

52,000 

48,000 

wts 84,700* 

130,000 

180,000 

100,000 

110,0 00 

.1,642,706 



All of these trout were taken to the head waters of 
the creeks by pack trains under the direction of 
members of the Ranger force. 

Pishing In the Madison and Snake Rivers 
is excellent, which a large number of tourists have 
taken advantage of. Loch Leven trout, weighing from one 
to six pounds are being oaufht regularly in the Mad- 
ison river in the vicinity of the Riverside Ranger 
Station. 

Probably the largest trout on record as 
being caught in the Yellowstone ffcrk was landed by 
Ranger Earl Bowman of the Snake River station while 
fishing in the Snake River. The confirmed weight of 
the trout, a Mackinaw is 22 pounds, undressed and w s 
36 inches long. The fish was skinned and shipped to a 
taxidermist for mounting. 

• Mr. tfllliam C. Gregg of New England beoame intensely 
interested in the Beohler River district of the park 
and due to the fact, offered to Ion his paok train 
to the national Park Service for the purpose of plant- 
ing fish in these waters. 



Elk horns . 

" Upon order of Superintendent Albright, 
tourists were prohibited from taking elk horns out 
of the park. Rangers were ordered to discourage the 
hunting of them. 



I I 






IX. OTHER MATTERS OF INTEREST. 



Arrests and violations of laws. 



September 1, 1920. 

Niel Slater, case continued from August 
31, tried before U.S. Commissioner on a oharge of 
speeding. Dismissed, insufficient evidence. Ranger Nichols, 

September 3, 1920. 

Joes Keos, Butte, Mont., tried before 
U.S. Comaissioner for cutting green timber at lake. 
Fined *10 with sentence suspended. Ranger tineas. 

September 9, 1920. 

Fred Anholt and Mark Borchert, Billings, 
Mont., tried before U.S. Commissioner on chrages of c 
cutting knotted trees. Fined ?6 and costs each. 
Ranger Flness. 

September 9, 1920. 

C.A. Hamilton, Y.N. P., tried before U.S. 
Commissioner ch«r -ed with outting green timber. Acqu- 
itted. Ranger Timess. 

September 9, 1920. 

William Aapmin, tried before U.S. Com- 
missioner on a petty lareenoy oharge. Fined flOO and 
costs and dismissed from the park. Ranger C.J. Smith. 

September 13, 1920. 

JosepK I. Miller, f.P.C. Co., tried before 
U.S. Conmissioner oharged with speeding. Fined ?25 and 
costs of the case. Ranger Sprinkel. 

September 14, 1920. 

Ellas Ahuga, tried before U.S. Comm- 
issioner charged with speeding. Fined £26 and costs 
of the case. Ranger H. Mathew. 

September 20, 1920. 

C.A. Hamilton, T.H.P. , tried before n.S. 
Commissioner charged with speeding. Fined *25 and the 
costs of the case. Ranger Sprinkle. 



LAMES? PATH OF TIUTKL FOR PASK 
±22° 1919 



Sapt'. I ..Tran.pn. 0O...1W s«pt'. 2 ..Tran.pn. r ...169 

apt . 1 ..Prlvata Mri.,6W Sapt*. 1 ..Prlvata oar«..42l 

By antranoa*; > lth Tran.portatlon Co. 

Saptj. S,...1orth antranoa 78 :apt'. 7,.?;orth antranoa. 78 

o«pt . 1,.. o«t antranoa. 179 .^apt' . 2,.-» t. antranoa.. 94 

Sapt . 8,..flaot antranoa. 42 rapt 1 . 3,. Fast antranoa.. 31 

By. antranoot: y iv »ta transportation . 




L*rc»»t daya of traval for paid autoaobllaa. 

All antranoaa : 

■***• 1. 101 "apt*. 8, 6 * 

By antr&nooa : 

•pi'. 5,.."orth antranoa 38 >pt' . l,.;orth antranca. 28 

Saptj. l,..*aat titranoa. 28 rapt*. t,.«Mt antranoa.. 21 

Sapt' . l c ..«M* antraioa. 40 '-apt'. 4,.aat antranoa.. 20 

9apt' . 6,..Pouth antranoa 7 Sapt'. 11, South antranoa. 8 

Largaat day a for total nunbar of paaaangara entarlng . 

s^pt'. i. esa r^pt'. i, «i 4 

-l- 



. 



J L 



During the no th of neptenber, 19?o, 
7,3B« people entered the park p.s oonpared with 
4,402 people entering durlnr September 1919, whloh 
la an Increase of 2,954 people, or about 37 per oent. 

During the month of September, 1980, 
1,024 paid automobiles entered the park, as com- 
pared with 776 paid automobiles entering during 
September, 1919, whlon Is an Increase of 24§, or 
about 28 per oent* 

During the month of September 1920, 
3,284 people entered the park with the Transpor- 
tation Company as eonparel with 1,646 people en- 
tering with the oompany during the same month of 
1919, whloh is an increase of 1,688 people, or 
about 47 percent. 

The totsl trsvel for tho season to in- 
olude September SI, w*s 79,777 people as compared 
with 62,261 peoplo for the entire 1919 park sea- 
son, whloh is an inorei.se of 17,616 people or 
about 27 percent. 



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